Fracture Fixation and Implants

OBJECTIVE: To describe internal fixation for maxillofacial fractures using titanium miniplates and report outcome in 7 dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series.

ANIMALS: Skeletally mature dogs (n = 7) with maxillofacial fractures.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of a commonly used veterinary wire tensioner.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bending strength of the VetLOX® polyaxial locking plate system.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five 3.5 mm 12-hole titanium VetLOX® plates were used to stabilize seven different construct designs in a 1 cm fracture gap simulation model. Each construct was subjected to axial compression. Mean bending stiffness (BS) and yield load (YL) of each construct design were analysed using a one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc analysis. Screw angulation was measured on reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images.

OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the short-term outcome, duration of bone healing, and complications following bone plate fixation in dogs weighing ≤6 kg, with and without the use of a free autogenous greater omental graft (OG).

OBJECTIVES: To compare the complication rate between open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external skeletal fixation (ESF) for feline diaphyseal tibial fractures.

METHODS: In a retrospective study spanning a 10 year period, 57 feline tibial fractures stabilized via ESF or ORIF were included for analysis and complication rates were compared between the two methods.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of stabilization method on the complication rate after lateral humeral condylar fracture (LHCF) repair.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter clinical cohort study.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 151) with LHCF.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether administration of postoperative oral antimicrobial drugs has a beneficial effect on preventing surgical site infections (SSI) in clean orthopedic surgery involving stainless steel plating systems.

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical study.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 97).

OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the influence of epidemiologic, surgical, and mechanical factors on the durations of bone consolidation and external fixation after distraction osteogenesis in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

OBJECTIVES: To (1) develop guidelines for the location of drill entry and exit points when inserting a transcondylar screw across the canine humerus; (2) compare the safe corridor for transcondylar screw insertion when drilling medial-to-lateral with drilling lateral-to-medial.

STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic study.

ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 43).

OBJECTIVE: To biomechanically compare different loop and crimp configurations used for extracapsular suture stabilization of the CCL-deficient stifle.

STUDY DESIGN: In vitro study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Crimped loop constructs of 100 lb Ande type nylon leader line in 7 different configurations comprising single and double loops, single and double crimps, and the interlocking loop configuration.