Internet-based survey of the nature and perceived causes of injury to dogs participating in agility training and competition events.

Authors: 
Cullen KL, Dickey JP, Bent LR, Thomason JJ, Moëns NM.
Volume: 
243
Number: 
7
Pages: 
1010-8
Journal: 
JAVMA
Date: 
2013 Oct 1

Objective-To characterize injuries (on the basis of type and severity of injury and affected region of the body) among dogs participating in agility training and competition events and examine associations between injury characteristics and perceived causes of injury. Design-Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. Animals-3,801 privately owned dogs participating in agility training or trials. Procedures-A retrospective electronic survey was developed to investigate demographic factors for dogs and handlers, frequency of participation in agility training and competition, and perceived causes and characteristics of injuries acquired by dogs during agility-related activities. Respondents were handlers recruited through member lists of large canine agility associations in Canada and the United Kingdom and through promotion on an agility blog site. Associations between cause and anatomic site or type of injury and between injury severity (mild vs severe) and setting (competition vs practice) were investigated. Results-Surveys were received from 1,669 handlers of 3,801 agility dogs internationally. Handler-reported data indicated 1,209 of 3,801 (32%) dogs had ≥ 1 injury; of 1,523 analyzed injuries, the shoulder (349 injuries), back (282), and neck (189) regions and phalanges (202) were predominantly affected. Soft tissue injuries (eg, strain [muscle or tendon injury; 807], sprain [ligament injury; 312], and contusion [200]) were common. Injuries were most commonly incurred during interactions with bar jumps, A-frames, and dog walk obstacles (260, 235, and 177 of 1,602 injuries, respectively). Anatomic site and type of injury were significantly associated with perceived cause of injury. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-These findings provided a basis for further experimental studies to identify specific mechanisms of various types of injury in dogs that participate in agility activities.