OBJECTIVE: To compare pelvic limb joint kinematics and temporal gait characteristics during land-based and aquatic-based treadmill walking in dogs that have undergone surgical stabilisation for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency.

Authors: Hicks DA1, Millis DL.
Journal: VCOT


To determine ground reaction forces, head and pelvis vertical motion (HVM and PVM, respectively), and thoraco-lumbar lateral angular motion (LAM) of the spine using kinematic gait analysis in dogs with mild asymmetric weight-bearing of the pelvic limbs while trotting.


Authors: Caron A, Caley A, Farrell M, Fitzpatrick N1.
Journal: VCOT


To determine if the use of a six degrees of freedom marker set would allow new kinematic data of the canine thoracic limbs to be calculated. To identify any significant differences in thoracic limb gait patterns in all planes of motion, between the normal canine population and patients with confirmed medial coronoid disease (MCD).


Authors: Corbee RJ1, Maas H2, Doornenbal A3, Hazewinkel HA3.
Journal: Vet J

The primary aim of this study was to assess the potential of force plate analysis for describing the stride cycle of the cat. The secondary aim was to define differences in feline and canine locomotion based on force plate characteristics. Ground reaction forces of 24 healthy cats were measured and compared with ground reaction forces of 24 healthy dogs.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Morrison R1, Reilly JJ, Penpraze V, Pendlebury E, Yam PS.
Journal: J Small Anim Pract


To evaluate long-term changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviour during weight loss in dogs.

Authors: Fuchs A1, Goldner B1, Nolte I1, Schilling N2.
Journal: Vet J

To gain insight into the adaptive mechanisms to tripedal locomotion and increase understanding of the biomechanical consequences of limb amputation, this study investigated kinetic and temporal gait parameters in dogs before and after the loss of a hindlimb was simulated. Nine clinically sound Beagle dogs trotted on an instrumented treadmill and the ground reaction forces as well as the footfall patterns were compared between quadrupedal and tripedal locomotion.

Authors: Galindo-Zamora V1, Dziallas P, Wolf DC, Kramer S, Abdelhadi J, Lucas K, Nolte I, Wefstaedt P.
Journal: Vet Surg


To (1) evaluate thoracic limb loads and symmetry, and elbow function and morphology, before and after arthroscopic treatment of unilateral medial coronoid process disease (MCPD), and (2) determine if functional variables correlate with morphologic findings.


Prospective case series.


Dogs (n = 14) with thoracic limb lameness.


Authors: Clark K, Caraguel C, Leahey L, Béraud R.
Journal: Can J Vet Res

The objective of this study was to evaluate a novel accelerometer-based sensor system, the Walkabout Portable Gait Monitor (WPGM), for use in kinetic gait analysis of dogs. The accelerometer was compared to the common reference standard of force platform analysis. Fifteen client-owned, orthopedically sound dogs of various breeds underwent simultaneous force platform and accelerometer gait trials to measure peak vertical forces (PVFs).

Authors: Kapatkin AS1, Kim JY, Garcia-Nolan TC, Kim SY, Hayashi K, Hitchens PL, Stover SM.
Journal: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol

Objectives: To develop a platform that used standard size force plates for large breed dogs to capture ground reaction force data from any size dog. Methods: A walkway platform was constructed to accommodate two force plates (60 cm x 40 cm) positioned in series to a variety of smaller sizes. It was constructed from a custom wood frame with thick aluminium sheet force plate covers that prevented transfer of load to the force plate, except for rectangular windows of three different dimensions.

Authors: Headrick JF1, Zhang S, Millard RP, Rohrbach BW, Weigel JP, Millis DL.
Journal: Am J Vet Res

Objective-To compare the 3-D motion of the pelvic limb among clinically normal dogs and dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL)-deficient stifle joints following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) or lateral fabellar-tibial suture (LFS) stabilization by use of an inverse dynamics method. Animals-6 clinically normal dogs and 19 dogs with CCL-deficient stifle joints that had undergone TPLO (n = 13) or LFS (6) stabilization at a mean of 4 and 8 years, respectively, prior to evaluation.