Distal Extremities

OBJECTIVE: To describe and report outcomes after lateral translation of the manus for limb-sparing management of distal radial osteosarcoma in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

STUDY POPULATION: Eighteen client-owned dogs.

BACKGROUND: Lameness can be multifactorial and may result from the accumulation of multiple seemingly unrelated causes. The identification of factors associated with lameness could be one method to decrease incidence of lameness and prolong the equine athlete's competitive life.

OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is an association between hoof balance in the sagittal plane and hindlimb lameness.

STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study.

OBJECTIVE To describe clinical use of a locking compression plate (LCP) for proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) arthrodesis in horses and compare outcomes for horses that underwent the procedure as treatment for fracture of the middle phalanx (P2) versus other causes.

DESIGN Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS 29 client-owned horses.

OBJECTIVE: To assess fracture gap reduction and stability of linear vs triangular 4.5-mm lag screw repair of experimental, uniarticular, and complete forelimb proximal phalanx (P1) fractures.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Fourteen equine cadaver limbs/horses.

Osteochondrosis is a common developmental orthopedic disease characterized by a failure of endochondral ossification. Standardbred horses are recognized as being predisposed to tarsal osteochondrosis. Prior heritability estimates for tarsal osteochondrosis in European Standardbreds and related trotting breeds have been based on pedigree data and range from 17-29%.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of surgical site infection (SSI) on the median disease-free interval (DFI) and median survival time (MST) in dogs after amputation in the curative-intent treatment of appendicular osteosarcoma (OSA).

Surgical management of postamputation orthopedic disease (PAOD) in canine amputees has rarely been documented, and no reports describing outcome of stifle surgery in canine amputees are available.

The objective of this multisite retrospective case series was to describe cases and evaluate satisfaction with and outcome of postamputation orthopedic surgery in canine amputees.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome following conservative vs surgical management of sports horses with a diagnosis of subchondral bone trauma of the proximal aspect of the proximal phalanx (PP) by low-field MRI.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

OBJECTIVE: To describe normal antebrachiocarpal joint kinematic motion during axial loading and to describe the effect of palmar radiocarpal ligament (PRL) and palmar ulnocarpal ligament (PUL) transection on this motion.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Ten forelimbs from 5 adult greyhound cadavers.

OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of horses after pancarpal or partial carpal arthrodesis with 3 locking compression plates (LCP).

STUDY DESIGN: Case series.