Knee

Authors: Kirkby Shaw K, Alvarez L, Foster SA, Tomlinson JE, Shaw AJ, Pozzi A

OBJECTIVE: To review fundamental principles of tissue healing and physical rehabilitation as they apply to dogs recovering from cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Invited Review.

SAMPLE POPULATION: None.

Authors: Buirkle CL, Aulakh KS, Gines JA, Rademacher N, Liu CC, Barnes K.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of tibial rotation on radiographic tibial plateau angle (TPA) measurement in normal and cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient stifles.

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Five pairs of canine cadaver hind limbs with no stifle osteoarthritis.

Category: Knee - Stifle
Authors: Flesher K, Beale BS, Hudson CC.

OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this article is to describe the technique and outcome of a modified tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) that simultaneously levels the tibial plateau and realigns the quadriceps mechanism through medial translation of the proximal

Category: Knee
Authors: Chiu KW, Amsellem PM, Yu J, Ho PS, Radasch R.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of 3 fixation systems on complications rate after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs >45.4 kg.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

Category: Knee
Authors: Dan MJ, Crowley J, Broe D, Cross M, Tan C, Walsh WR

BACKGROUND: Patella tendinopathy is an overuse condition. Pathogenesis and identification of intrinsic risk factors have largely eluded the orthopaedic world. The cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) in dogs is the equivalent to the human anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). We report the effect of two canine proximal tibial osteotomy procedures in the veterinary literature on patella tendon moment arm and describe the biomechanical rationale for a tibial tubercle osteotomy for treatment of patella tendinopathy in the human.

Category: Knee
Authors: Hall EL, Baines S, Bilmont A, Oxley B.

OBJECTIVE: To compare precorrectional and postcorrectional femoral alignment following distal femoral osteotomy using patient-specific 3-dimensional (3D)-printed osteotomy and reduction guides in vivo and ex vivo.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study.

Authors: Megan L. Wilson , James K. Roush , Walter C. Renberg

Objective The purpose of this article was to compare the effect of surgeon and tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) procedure variations on the outcome of TPLO in naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament disease.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of osteoarthritis on the measurement of patella tendon angle (PTA) and determine intraobserver and interobserver variability.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Eighty-seven mediolateral radiographs that were obtained prior to tibial tuberosity advancement.

Category: Knee - Osteoarthritis

OBJECTIVE: To determine the discrepancy between true distance of tibial tuberosity advancement (tTTA) and the most commonly used cages. The null hypothesis was that tTTA would be within 1.5 mm difference of the cage size.

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE To determine whether medial patellar luxation would affect radiographic tibial plateau angle (TPA) measurements in small-breed dogs. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study.

Category: Knee