Equine

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of arthroscopic lavage and repeated intra-articular administration of antibiotic in adult horses and foals with septic arthritis.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

ANIMALS: Adult horses and foals with septic arthritis (n = 62).

OBJECTIVE: To compare heat generation and mechanical bone damage for tapered and cylindrical transfixation pins during drilling, tapping, and pin insertion in equine third metacarpal bones. SAMPLE 16 pairs of cadaveric equine third metacarpal bones.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical signs, surgical treatment, and outcome of septic arthritis of the coxofemoral joint in foals.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Foals (n = 12) with confirmed sepsis of the coxofemoral joint.

Category: Equine - Osteoarthritis

BACKGROUND: Fractures of the medial intercondylar eminence of the tibia (MICET) are scarcely reported in horses.

OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical and diagnostic findings, surgical treatment and outcome in a series of horses presented with MICET fracture and treated with arthroscopic fragment removal.

STUDY DESIGN: Multi-centre retrospective case series.

METHODS: Case records of horses diagnosed with MICET fractures that had undergone surgical treatment were reviewed. Follow-up information was obtained from re-examination visits and/or owners.

BACKGROUND: There is limited information available concerning normal equine meniscal morphology, its degeneration and role in osteoarthritis (OA).

OBJECTIVES: To characterise normal equine meniscal morphology and lesions and to explore the relationship between equine meniscal degeneration and femorotibial OA.

STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo cadaveric study.

Category: Equine - Osteoarthritis

OBJECTIVES: To compare accuracy of the ultrasound-guided craniodorsal (CrD) approach with the dorsal (D) approach to the cervical articular process joints, and to evaluate the effect of the transducer, needle gauge, and operator experience.

The metacarpal condyle has received extensive attention as a predominant site of overload arthropathy in racehorses. However, detailed descriptions of MRI lesion patterns for the metacarpophalangeal joint and comparisons between types of racing horses are currently lacking.

Category: Equine - Imaging

OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of screw placement through subchondral lucencies (SCL) of the proximal radius in 8 horses.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

ANIMALS: Horses with cubital SCL causing lameness (n=8).

METHODS: Medical record review and clinical follow-up.

Category: Equine

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging tools are needed to screen foal femoropatellar joints to detect subclinical osteochondrosis lesions due to focal failure of endochondral ossification to enhance early management to optimise intrinsic healing events. Recently investigations employing 3T susceptibility-weighted MRI (3T SWI MRI) and CT have demonstrated their capacity for early osteochondrosis diagnosis, but these technologies are not practical for field screening. We postulate that ultrasonography is a valuable field tool for the detection of subclinical osteochondrosis lesions.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and outcome of limb fractures in small domestic equids treated with a modified Thomas splint-cast combination (MTSCC).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Client owned horses and donkeys.

Category: Bone - Equine - Traumatology