Arthroscopy

Authors: Kimberly A Agnello, Dorothy Cimino Brown, Samuel G Zyla, Kei Hayashi

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the arthroscopic changes to the caudal cruciate ligament (CdCL) in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease.

Authors: P Garnier, A Decambron, M Manassero, V Viateau

Case history: Dogs (n = 6) suffering from elbow-associated lameness for a median of 3.5 (min 2, max 12) months duration requiring arthroscopic exploration according to imaging results were prospectively included in this study.

Clinical findings: Dogs that met the inclusion criteria were of various breeds with a median body weight of 18 (min 13.2, max 34.5) kg and median age at presentation of 11 (min 6, max 96) months.

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: Koji Aoki, Jun-Yan Sek, Fernando de Paula Freitas, Miriam Bates, Hugues Beaufrere

Objective: To evaluate the use of the Leipzig distractor during canine shoulder arthroscopy.

Study design: Experimental, ex vivo.

Sample population: Paired shoulder joints from 15 large breed canine cadavers.

Category: Arthroscopy - Shoulder
Authors: Ulfelder EH, Hudson CC, Beale BS

OBJECTIVE: To compare distraction index (DI) with hip arthroscopy findings in juvenile dogs with hip dysplasia undergoing unilateral or bilateral double pelvic osteotomy (DPO).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Twenty dogs (36 hip joints).

Category: Arthroscopy - Hip
Authors: Kim J, Jeong J, Lee H.

BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy has become a viable option over the last few years for small animal orthopedic diseases, including hip dysplasia, osteoarthritis, and joint evaluation. However, the narrow joint spaces make it difficult to manipulate the instrument, and depth of tissues make it difficult to distract the joint space. In addition, it is very difficult to maintain consistent distraction over time with a manual distraction due to hand fatigue.

Category: Arthroscopy - Hip

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and accuracy of lateral pin placement for the use of a Leipzig stifle distractor (LSD) and to assess improvements in visualization and treatment of the lateral meniscus in the canine stifle.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a 7-day course of postoperative antibiotherapy (cefpodoxime) on surgical site infections (SSI) after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee

OBJECTIVE: To describe a minimally invasive toggle repair technique under arthroscopic guidance to correct a coxofemoral luxation in a canine.

STUDY DESIGN: Case report ANIMALS: A 9-year-old, male (neutered) Alaskan husky.

Category: Arthroscopy - Hip

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, degenerative disease affecting the articular cartilage and subchondral bone that causes pain and inhibits movement. The stifle's joint fibrous capsule contains the synovial membrane, which produces cartilage nutrients. A ruptured cranial cruciate ligament injures the joint and produces OA.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a Veress needle as a fluid egress system for stifle arthroscopy in toy dog breeds.

Category: Arthroscopy - Knee