Authors: Lee S, Millecamps M, Foster DZ, Stone LS.

Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of global disability. Multiple anatomical, cellular and molecular factors implicated in LBP, including degeneration of lumbar intervertebral discs (IVDs). We previously described a mouse model that displays behavioral symptoms of chronic LBP.

Category: Spine
Authors: Harris G, Freeman P.

OBJECTIVE: Intervertebral disc extrusion is a common disease affecting chondrodystrophic dogs. It has been reported that fenestration of thoracolumbar intervertebral discs reduces recurrence of disc extrusion and is associated with a low complication rate.

Category: Spine
Authors: Bonelli MA, da Costa RC.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the neurologic signs and MRI findings for German Shepherd Dogs (GSDs) with cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM).

ANIMALS: 10 GSDs with confirmed CSM.

Category: Imaging - Spine
Authors: Elford JH, Oxley B, Behr S.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine of dogs with spinal deformities with three-dimensionally (3D) printed patient-specific drill guides.

Category: Spine
Authors: White DA, Renberg WC, Roush JK, Hallman MR, Mauler DA, Milliken GA.

OBJECTIVE: To determine a flexed position for radiographic diagnosis of atlantoaxial instability (AAI) and to identify radiographic measurement cutoffs to differentiate affected dogs from neurologically healthy toy breeds.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series and prospective case controls.

Category: Imaging - Spine
Authors: Reints Bok TE, Willemsen K, van Rijen MHP, Grinwis GCM, Tryfonidou MA, Meij BP

OBJECTIVE: To report the long-term outcome of nine dogs treated for caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy (CCSM) with surgical spinal fusion.

STUDY DESIGN: Short case series.

ANIMALS: Nine large-breed dogs.

Category: Spine
Authors: Lee JH, Yoon HY, Kim JH, Han HJ.

CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 toy-breed dogs (a 5-year-old Pomeranian, a 12-year-old Pomeranian, and a 13-year-old Yorkshire Terrier) were evaluated because of a sudden onset of nonambulatory tetraparesis.

Category: Spine
Authors: Guevar J, Olby N

OBJECTIVE: To report the successful treatment of intervertebral disc protrusion with minimally invasive microsurgery in a large breed dog.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case report.

Category: Spine
Authors: Schmidli FE, Stein VM, Aikawa T, Boudrieau RJ, Jeandel A, Jeffery N, Jurina K, Moissonnier P, Rupp S, Vidondo B, Forterre F.

BACKGROUND: In human medicine, fractures of the second cervical vertebra have been studied elaborately and categorized in detail. This is not the case in veterinary medicine where clinical decisions are often based on old studies focusing on the cervical spine in general.