Osteotomy/Ostectomy

Authors: Leonor Roses, Paula Lopez de la Oliva, Davinia Arnott

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe a simple and effective method to control severe haemorrhage from intraoperative trauma to the cranial tibial artery (CTA) during tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) and to report long-term outcomes.

Authors: Madeleine Engstig, Senni Vesterinen, Mikael Morelius, Jouni Junnila, Heli K Hyytiäinen

The long-term effect of femoral head and neck osteotomy (FHO) on the locomotory system of dogs was evaluated.

The study comprised an owner questionnaire and an orthopaedic examination, anatomical measurements, and pressure-sensitive walkway analysis for dogs. Linear mixed effect models were used for statistical analysis. Ten dogs with a median of 2.5 years since their unilateral FHO were included.

Authors: S M M Colthurst, J O Simcock, R G Cashmore

Objectives: To investigate whether a difference exists in incidence of medial meniscal tears between small (≤15 kg) and medium-to-large (>15 kg) dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament disease.

Authors: Lena-Charlott Cieciora, Oliver Harms, Fritjof Freise, Hermann Seifert, Michael Fehr

Objective: To illustrate the arterial vascularity of the proximal tibia three-dimensionally and to evaluate the impact of fragment rotation on the cranial tibial artery by tibia plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO).

Authors: John R Wagner, Dana M DeSandre-Robinson, George E Moore, Catherine A Loughin, Micha C Simons

Background: Limb amputation may be recommended in domestic cats following a severe injury or disease. The purpose of the study was to report the signalment, the complications, recovery outcome, owner satisfaction and expectations of domestic cats following limb amputation.

Authors: Petar Polajnar, Zsigmond Szanto, Florian Willmitzer, Nikola Medl

A 9-year-old, neutered, male, Cairn terrier dog presented with a 3-year history of progressive pain and lameness of the right hindlimb. After an acute episode of severe pain and non-weight-bearing lameness, the dog was referred to our clinic for evaluation.

The physical examination was unremarkable; the orthopaedic examination revealed a positive cranial drawer sign and medial patellar luxation grade 3/4. Orthogonal radiographs were taken. Chronic degenerative changes consistent with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency and medial patellar luxation were noted.

Authors: A Tikekar, F De Vicente, A McCormack, D Thomson, M Farrell, S Carmichael, D Chase

Aims: To compare short and long-term outcomes after tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) and lateral fabello-tibial suture (LFTS) techniques for the management of cranial cruciate ligament disease in small dogs with high tibial plateau angles (TPA).

Authors: W Tyler Clough, David L Dycus, Matthew D Barnhart, Don A Hulse, Alan S Litsky

Objective: To describe the technique of combined center of rotation of angulation (CORA)-based leveling osteotomy (CBLO) with tibial tuberosity transposition (TTT) and to compare the load to failure between CBLO combined with TTT and CBLO or TTT alone.

Study design: Ex vivo study.

Sample population: Twelve pairs of cadaveric pelvic limbs.

Authors: Lindsay C Peterson, Stanley E Kim, Adam H Biedrzycki

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a novel crescent-shaped tibial plateau-leveling osteotomy (TPLO) saw guide (crescent guide) to assist with saw control in novice participants.

Study design: Ex vivo study.

Sample population: Synthetic bones (n = 54) and medium sized dog pelvic limbs (n = 36).

Authors: Laura E Peycke, Renee McDougall, Rodrico Roca, David Dycus, Don A Hulse

Objective: To describe short-term outcomes of center of rotation of angulation (CORA)-based leveling osteotomy (CBLO) in skeletally immature dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) injury.

Study design: Retrospective case series.

Animals: Fifteen skeletally immature dogs (16 stifles).