Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Authors: Anastasija Z Todorović, Mirjana V Lazarević Macanović, Marko B Mitrović, Nikola E Krstić, Henri J J van Bree, Ingrid M L V Gielen

Cranial cruciate ligament disease is a common pathological condition in dogs that is often presented in daily clinical practice.

Different risk factors for the development of this condition include breed, sex, age, bodyweight and neuter status, as well as different biological and biomechanical mechanisms. In the literature, special attention has been paid to the role of the tibial plateau angle in damage to the cranial cruciate ligament.

Authors: Samuel J Tidwell, Ken Greenwood, Samuel P Franklin

Background: Achilles mechanism rupture is a surgical condition involving primary tenorrhaphy with various described means of surgical augmentation and bolstering.

Aim: To report complications and outcomes with a novel Achilles repair technique in dogs using a superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) or deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) allograft.

Authors: S M M Colthurst, J O Simcock, R G Cashmore

Objectives: To investigate whether a difference exists in incidence of medial meniscal tears between small (≤15 kg) and medium-to-large (>15 kg) dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament disease.

Authors: Daniel J. Duffy, Weston L. Beamon, Yi-Jen Chang, George E. Moore

OBJECTIVE To compare the biomechanical properties and gapping characteristics following loop modification of a 3-loop-pulley (3LP) pattern in an ex vivo canine common calcaneal tendon (CCT) avulsion repair model.

SAMPLE 56 skeletally mature hindlimbs from 28 canine cadavers.

Authors: Kimberly A Agnello, Dorothy Cimino Brown, Samuel G Zyla, Kei Hayashi

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the arthroscopic changes to the caudal cruciate ligament (CdCL) in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease.

Authors: Johanna S Evers, Stanley E Kim, Matthew D Johnson, Matthew A Lazarus

Objective: To determine the accuracy of needle arthroscopy (NA) for the diagnosis of medial meniscal tears in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR).

Study design: Prospective clinical trial.

Animals: Twenty-six client-owned dogs.

Authors: Lauren A Kmieciak , Karanvir S Aulakh, Tisha A M Harper, Mark A Mitchell, Ryan J Butler, Chin-Chi Liu, Harmeet K Aulakh

Objective: The main aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of stifle exploratory using either a stifle distractor (SD method) or a combination of Hohmann and Senn retractors (HS method) for diagnosing canine medial meniscal tears in cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifles.

Authors: Sebastian Prior, Francisco Silveira, Lida Pappa, Pablo Pérez López, Robert Quinn, Darren Barnes

Background: This study aimed to determine whether Blumensaat's line, a consistently present radiographic feature delineating the peak of the femoral intercondylar fossa, could be used to assess for cranial tibial subluxation in canine stifles with cranial cruciate ligament disease.

Authors: Petar Polajnar, Zsigmond Szanto, Florian Willmitzer, Nikola Medl

A 9-year-old, neutered, male, Cairn terrier dog presented with a 3-year history of progressive pain and lameness of the right hindlimb. After an acute episode of severe pain and non-weight-bearing lameness, the dog was referred to our clinic for evaluation.

The physical examination was unremarkable; the orthopaedic examination revealed a positive cranial drawer sign and medial patellar luxation grade 3/4. Orthogonal radiographs were taken. Chronic degenerative changes consistent with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency and medial patellar luxation were noted.