Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Authors: Soula M, Shmalberg JW, Johnson MD.

OBJECTIVE: To compare use of a 3-level self-locking suture (3LSLS) technique with use of a previously described modified 3-loop pulley (M3LP) technique to repair rupture of the proximal aspect of patellar tendons in limbs from canine cadavers.

SAMPLE: Paired hind limbs of 6 adult mixed-breed dogs.

Authors: Barnhart MD, Bufkin BW, Litsky AS.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of four different methods of artificial cranial cruciate ligament fixation in canine cadaveric tibias and femurs.

Authors: Castelli E, Pozzi A, Klisch K, Scotti L, Hoey S, Dennler M.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the quality of visualization of canine carpal ligaments by using computed tomography (CT), MRI, CT arthrography (CTA), and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA).

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study.

Authors: Ober CA, Factor G, Meiner Y, Segev G, Shipov A, Milgram J

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and tibial tuberosity transposition (TTA) on craniocaudal stability of the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficient stifle at 3 joint angles.

STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study.

Authors: Adrian CP, Haussler KK, Kawcak CE, Reiser RF 2nd, Riegger-Krugh C, Palmer RH, McIlwraith CW, Taylor RA.

OBJECTIVE: Identify relevant electromyography (EMG), kinematic, and kinetic changes resulting from monopolar radiofrequency energy (MRFE)-induced cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) injury and eventual rupture in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, repeated measures.

OBJECTIVE To determine rate of and factors associated with return to agility competition for dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture treated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested case-control study.

A 4 mo old German shepherd dog was presented following an acute onset lameness and swelling of the thoracic limb.

OBJECTIVE: To quantitate the iatrogenic injury associated with deep plantar metatarsal fasciotomy performed with Metzenbaum scissors compared with a Y-shaped fasciotome.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo surgical study.

STUDY POPULATION: Cadaveric hind limbs (n = 20) from 10 sound thoroughbred racehorses.

OBJECTIVE: To identify possible biomechanical causes for the predominantly unilateral presentation of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) insufficiency by comparing the computed tomographic (CT) features of the tibial plateau of CCL affected and contralateral sound stifles in dogs with unilateral CCL insufficiency.

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

OBJECTIVE: To describe articular cartilage (AC) lesions associated with complete lateral meniscal tears in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Observational series.