Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Authors: Gleason HE, Hudson CC, Cerroni B.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive value of meniscal click for specific meniscal tear morphology.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort.

ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (104) with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficiency treated with stifle arthroscopy (111).

Authors: Moore EV, Weeren R, Paek M.

OBJECTIVE: To report extended long-term outcomes of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture treated by tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) or tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA).

Authors: Gunstra AL, Steurer JA, Dixon BC, Siebert RL.

OBJECTIVE: To describe prosthetic ligament placement for reduction and stabilization of medial or dorsomedial tarsometatarsal joint luxation in dogs and cats and to report complications and postoperative outcomes for patients that underwent that procedure.

Authors: Kirkby Shaw K, Alvarez L, Foster SA, Tomlinson JE, Shaw AJ, Pozzi A

OBJECTIVE: To review fundamental principles of tissue healing and physical rehabilitation as they apply to dogs recovering from cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Invited Review.

SAMPLE POPULATION: None.

Authors: Livet V, Harel M, Taroni M, Carozzo C, Viguier É, Sonet J, Cachon T

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe a stress radiography to detect medial glenohumeral ligament rupture and to investigate the repeatability and reproducibility of this test.

Authors: Kim TI, Jung W, Chung JY, Jeong H, Kim SH

BACKGROUND: A common complication after rotator cuff repair is postoperative stiffness, which can be reduced by a simple application of an anti-adhesive agent. However, anti-adhesive agents may affect rotator cuff healing by preventing fibrosis. This experimental animal study evaluated the effect of the application of a poloxamer-based thermosensitive anti-adhesive gel and its influence on the healing of an acute rotator cuff repair in a rabbit model.

Authors: Yarnall BW, Chamberlain CS, Hao Z, Muir P

OBJECTIVE: To determine polarization of synovial macrophages during development of cruciate ligament rupture (CR) and determine whether differences in synovial macrophage polarization in CR, osteoarthritis (OA), and healthy joints exist.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-controlled study.

ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with unstable stifles with CR (n = 22), paired stable contralateral stifles with partial CR (pCR; n = 7), joints with OA not related to CR (n = 6), and clinically normal (Normal; n = 7) joints.

Authors: Putterman AB, Duffy DJ, Kersh ME, Rahman H, Moore GE.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of combining a continuous epitendinous suture with three-loop pulley (3LP) and locking-loop (LL) core patterns for flexor tendon repair.

STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Seventy-two cadaveric superficial digital flexor musculotendon (SDFT) units.

Authors: Whitworth F, Adamantos S, Frowde P, Whitelock R, Black VL

Ligament laxity is a known complication of erosive immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA) in dogs. The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence and clinical features of carpal or tarsal ligament laxity in cases of nonerosive IMPA in dogs for the first time.

Authors: Cocca CJ, Duffy DJ, Kersh ME, Kim W, Groenewold A, Moore GE

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of different epitendinous sutures (ES) in addition to core locking-loop (LL) sutures on the mechanical properties and gap formation in a canine cadaveric tendon model.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, ex vivo, biomechanical study.