Arthroscopy

Authors: Van Ryssen B, de Bakker E, Beaumlin Y, Samoy YC, Van Vynckt D, Gielen I, Ducatelle R, van Bree H.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To describe the radiographic, ultrasonographic, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and arthroscopic findings in eight dogs with elbow lameness caused by primary flexor enthesopathy. Study design: Clinical study. Animals: Eight client-owned dogs. Methods: In all dogs, lameness was localized to the elbow by clinical examination. Radiographic examination, ultrasound, CT and MRI were performed prior to arthroscopy. In seven dogs, surgical treatment and subsequent histopathology were performed.

Authors: Wahl K, Adams SB, Moore GE.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To assess fetlock joint contamination with tissue debris and hair after arthrocentesis.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental.
ANIMALS:
Fetlock joint tissues (n = 10 horses).
METHODS:

Authors: Samoy Y, Van Vynckt D, Gielen I, van Bree H, Duchateau L, Van Ryssen B.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report arthroscopic findings in dogs with severe elbow incongruity combined with fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP) and compare these findings in normal joints and congruent joints affected by FCP.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical study.
ANIMALS:
Dogs with elbow lameness (n = 40) and purpose bred dogs (5; controls).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Authors: Kalff S, Meachem S, Preston C.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To determine the incidence of medial meniscal tears in dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease treated with arthroscopy and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Canine Stifles (n = 357) with naturally occurring CCL disease.
METHODS:

Authors: Burton NJ, Owen MR, Kirk LS, Toscano MJ, Colborne GR.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To investigate, using objective gait analysis, the long-term outcome of dogs with medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) treated with conservative management (CM) versus arthroscopic treatment (AT).
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 20) with unilaterally confirmed MCPD.
METHODS:

Authors: Brunnberg MM, Engelke E, Gielen IM, van Bree HJ, Hoffmann JE, Brunnberg L, Waibl HR.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate cartilage thickness of the talus (especially at sites predisposed to osteochondrosis dissecans [OCD]) in growing and adult dogs not affected with OCD. Sample-Tarsocrural joints from cadavers of 34 juvenile (approx 3 months old) and 10 adult dogs. Procedures-Tarsal cartilage thickness was examined via a stereophotography microscopic system. Articular cartilage thickness was determined at 11 locations on longitudinal slices of the trochlear ridges and the sulcus between the ridges and at 2 locations in the cochlea tibiae.

Authors: Bright SR, May C.
Journal: JSAP

A six-year-old, female, neutered, whippet was presented for evaluation of a severe, sudden-onset right pelvic limb lameness. The extensor mechanism of the right stifle was intact and there was periarticular swelling in the right stifle. Radiography showed a fracture of the distal pole of the patella. The distal fragment was approximately 25% of the patellar length and the fracture was deemed non-reconstructable. Fracture fragment removal was performed arthroscopically, which led to an excellent clinical outcome.

Authors: Don Hulse, DVM, Diplomate ACVS & ECVS 1,2 , Brian Beale, DVM, Diplomate ACVS 1,2 , and Sharon Kerwin, DVM, Diplomate ACVS 1,2
Journal: Veterinary Surgery

ABSTRACT
Objective: To describe the long-term (range, 2–69 months) arthroscopic appearance of intraarticular structures of the stifle after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).
Study Design: Case series.
Animals: Dogs (n=63) that had repeat arthroscopic examination of the stifle after TPLO for treatment of a cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficient stifle.

Authors: Bright SR.
Journal: JSAP

An 11-month-old, male neutered, domestic short-haired cat presented for evaluation of sudden onset right pelvic limb lameness. Radiography showed features consistent with unilateral osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the lateral femoral condyle in the right stifle. Arthroscopic examination of the stifle was used to confirm the presence of an articular cartilage lesion and the presence of loose cartilage within the joint. The loose cartilage fragments were removed arthroscopically.

Category: Arthroscopy - Pediatrics
Authors: Jardel N, Crevier-Denoix N, Moissonnier P, Viateau V.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To describe the relationship of the major muscular, ligamentous and neurovascular structures in relation to standard medial elbow arthroscopic portals used in dogs, and to evaluate their potential iatrogenic lesions. Design: Anatomical study using 20 canine cadaveric elbows. Methods: Arthroscopic explorations were performed using medial portals. Three 4 mm orthopaedic pins were introduced in place of the arthroscope, egress canula and instrumental portals. Limbs were dissected. Distances between pins and neurovascular structures were measured.

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow