Knee

OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of ultrasonography and MRI for diagnosing medial meniscal lesions in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficiency.

DESIGN: Diagnostic test evaluation.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhances osseous healing in conjunction with a high tibial osteotomy in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.

OBJECTIVE: To report a method of evaluating 3-dimensional joint motion in dogs with a stifle orthosis.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental.

Category: Knee

BACKGROUND: Patella alta and patella baja are important conditions underlying a predisposition to many joint diseases, including patellar luxation and patellar chondromalacia of the articular cartilage. The frequencies of patella alta and patella baja have not yet been determined. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of patella alta and to determine reference values to the position of the vertical patella according to two modified techniques of the Insall-Salvati method in a group of 65 German shepherd dogs (115 stifle joints).

Category: Knee

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hemicerclage suture on the occurrence of fractures during advancement of an elongated bi-directional hinged osteotomy (EBHO) for tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo study.

Category: Knee

Feline stifle osteoarthritis (OA) is common, however little is known about the early stages of the disease. Furthermore, the importance of small articular mineralizations (AMs) in feline stifle OA is controversial. This study aimed to describe microscopic articular cartilage lesions and to investigate associations between cartilage lesions and AMs, synovitis, osteochondral junction findings and subchondral bone sclerosis.

The objective of this study was to evaluate intra-articular dextrose prolotherapy for osteoarthritis of the elbow or stifle in dogs in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective pilot study. Seventeen dogs were evaluated with 10 meeting inclusion criteria for this study. Evaluations included orthopedic exam, visual lameness scoring, Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), goniometry, kinetic gait analysis, and radiography.

Category: Elbow - Knee - Osteoarthritis

OBJECTIVES: To report major postoperative complications in 1613 dogs with tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs (n = 1613) with cranial cruciate ligament deficiency treated with TTA.

OBJECTIVE: To describe short-term outcomes of a modified cranial closing wedge osteotomy (CCWO) for treatment of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease and excessive tibial plateau angle (eTPA).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

ANIMALS: 18 client-owned dogs (19 stifles) with cranial cruciate ligament disease and eTPA (>34°).

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of ultrasonographic femoral trochlear depth measurements and to compare ultrasonographic and intra-operative evaluations of femoral trochlear depth for predictive value in selecting trochleoplasty.