Shoulder

Authors: De Simone A, Gernone F, Ricciardi M.
Journal: Vet Rad Ultrasound

An 8-month-old intact male English Setter was presented with bilateral shoulder lameness. Radiographic and CT examinations demonstrated bilateral irregular margination and separation of the supraglenoid tubercle from the scapula, with involvement of the cranial articular surface of the glenoid cavity. After 30 days of cage rest, complete fusion of proximal portions of both supraglenoid tubercles and persistent un-united cranial portions of both glenoid cavities were evident.

Category: Imaging - Shoulder
Authors: Fujita Y, Yamaguchi S, Agnello KA, Muto M.
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To assess the effects of arthroscopic transection of the cranial arm of the medial glenohumeral ligament on shoulder stability. Animals: Six adult Beagles. Procedures: After transection, the effects were compared with baseline values by orthopaedic and radiographic examinations, by synovial fluid analysis at two, four, and six weeks, and by arthroscopic evaluation at six weeks.

Category: Shoulder
Authors: Abdelhadi J, Wefstaedt P, Galindo-Zamora V, Anders A, Nolte I, Schilling N.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate the load redistribution mechanisms in walking and trotting dogs with induced forelimb lameness. Animals-7 healthy adult Beagles. Procedures-Dogs walked and trotted on an instrumented treadmill to determine control values for peak and mean vertical force as well as verticle impulse for all 4 limbs. A small sphere was attached to the ventral pad of the right forelimb paw to induce a reversible lameness, and recordings were repeated for both gaits. Additionally, footfall patterns were assessed to test for changes in temporal gait variables.

Authors: Perry KL, Lam R, Rutherford L, Arthurs GI.
Journal: J Fel Med Surg

An 11-year-old cat was referred following vehicular trauma for evaluation and treatment of right thoracic limb lameness which was non-responsive to conservative management. Gait assessment revealed a severe weight-bearing right thoracic limb lameness, soft tissue swelling over the dorsal border of the scapula, crepitus upon direct palpation over the scapula and lateralisation of the scapula upon adduction of the distal limb allowing a diagnosis of scapular avulsion to be made.

Authors: Acquaviva AE, Miller EI, Eisenmann DJ, Stone RT, Kraus KH.
Journal: JAVMAJAAHA

Locking plates have been shown to offer improved fixation in fractures involving either osteoporotic bone or bone with lesser screw pullout strength, such as thin and flat bones. Fractures of the scapular body are one type of fracture where the screw pullout strength using conventional plate fixation may not be sufficient to overcome physiologic forces. The purpose of this study was to compare the pullout strengths of locking plates to conventional nonlocking plates in the canine scapula.

Authors: Mistieri ML, Wigger A, Canola JC, Filho JG, Kramer M.
Journal: JAAHA

Supraspinatus calcifying tendinosis is an uncommon finding in dogs. Although its radiographic appearance has been described previously, radiographs alone do not provide detailed information about the tendon parenchyma. Tendon ultrasonography has been widely applied for the diagnosis of human tendinosis, but it remains underused in dogs. This article reviews the ultrasonographic technique and variable appearance of canine supraspinatus calcifying tendinosis observed in 33 tendons. The ultrasonographic findings are described.

Authors: Milgram J, Hod N, Benzioni H.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To determine if normograde and retrograde pinning of the distal humeral fragment, to maximize pin purchase in this fragment, would damage vital structures in and around the elbow and shoulder joints in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Anatomic study.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Cadaveric dogs (n = 12; 12 thoracic limb pairs).
METHODS:

Authors: Fitzpatrick N, Yeadon R, Smith TJ, Johnson J, Baltzer WI, Amils R, Farrell M, Frost A, Holsworth IG.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES:
To report surgical technique and clinical outcome of shoulder arthrodesis in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Multicenter clinical case series.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 14).
METHODS:

Authors: Benamou J, Lussier B, Alexander K, Gains MJ, Savard C.
Journal: JAVMA

Case Description-An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of left thoracic limb lameness. Clinical Findings-A firm mass was palpable in the left scapular region. On the basis of clinical signs; results of radiographic, ultrasonographic, and cytologic evaluations; and findings on magnetic resonance imaging, an aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) of the scapula was strongly suspected. Treatment and Outcome-Considering the large size of the mass and the poor prognosis for return to function of the left thoracic limb, amputation was elected.

Authors: R. L. Plesman (1), S. French (2), S. Nykamp (3), P. B. Ringwood (2)
Journal: VCOT

A seven-month-old cat was referred, after having been missing for one week, for evaluation and treatment of a right forelimb injury and facial fractures. On physical examination, a moderate partial weight-bearing lameness of the right forelimb was present, with palpable crepitus in the glenohumeral joint. Dental radiographs revealed a midline palatal fracture and rostral fractures of the left maxillary canine alveolar bone. Radiographs of the right shoulder revealed a Type III or intra- articular fracture of the scapula with moderate displacement of the fracture at the articular surface.

Category: Shoulder - Trauma